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THE HISTORY OF CONFRONTATION BETWEEN THE RIGHT AND THE WRONG

Reference : Dr Javed Jamil

Complete Series

A Systematic Study of the Holy Qur'an 24

THE HISTORY OF CONFRONTATION BETWEEN THE RIGHT AND THE WRONG

THE
HISTORY OF
CONFRONTATION
BETWEEN
THE RIGHT
AND THE
WRONG

History, as researched and described in modern times, is chiefly an account of the events occurring at the political level; it focuses on confrontations between different forces for the usurpation of power. In short, it is the history of kings and the merits and demerits of their rule. It hardly deals with anything that is not directly or indirectly related to the power struggle. The history as told by the Qur’an assumes different propositions altogether. After describing the history of the creation of the universe and that of man, it concentrates on the struggle between the right and the wrong; and between the forces of evil and the forces of truth. It is not particular about the places, dates and names. Its emphasis is only on how the messengers of God conveyed the messages of love, brotherhood, truth and justice; how some of the people rejected them; and how God punished them, on account of their spreading chaos in society, and oppressing the week and the poor; and how ultimately the truth triumphed. An interesting feature of the historical accounts given by the Qur’an is the description of a number of highly developed civilizations and their downfall on account of natural calamities of different kinds. To sum up, the history in the Qur’an only supports the basic principle that it is God who is the supreme authority and those who violate God’s injunctions are the ultimate losers.

 

When we study the history of confrontation between Right and Wrong in Qur’an, we note that

 

1. While the reward and punishment to the individuals will be given in the Hereafter, the reward and punishment to the nations and communities are given here in this world. There will be no punishment to the nations as a whole in the Hereafter. Qur’anic accounts are full of stories of the punishments to the communities and nations on account of their failure to follow the System of God. It does not mean that individuals are not punished here; they can certainly be punished here or be allowed to go unpunished depending upon the will of God. Their final reward or punishment will be decided in the Hereafter.

 

2. It is clear from Qur’an that there is a clear relationship between moral degradation and natural disasters. While all natural disasters are not necessarily linked to the moral depravity of those who suffer from the disaster, moral depravity at a large scale can attract Divine punishment. It is also true that in this world people often suffer on account of the mistakes of other fellow human beings.

 

3. The messengers of God came to almost all parts of the world. By tracing the life history of the messengers, Qur’an points to the common origin of the Guidance and the unity of mankind.

 

4. It can also be seen that the confrontation was more ideological and social rather than through weapons of war; but wars were also fought when there was no other option left.

 

5. The history of the messengers can also be regarded as the history of the intellectual, philosophical and social evolution of mankind. The messages from God were initially regarding the individual conduct, followed by commands that suited a clan and then a tribal society. With Muhammad SAW the evolution of Deen (System of God) was complete with Islam now becoming perfectly suitable for application at national and global levels.

 

In the name of God, the Kind, the Merciful

 

HISTORY IN THE QUR’AN

 

ADAM (P.B.U.H)

 

* Behold, thy Lord said to the angles: “I will create
A vice-regent on the earth.” They said:
“Wilt thou place there in one who will make
Mischief there in and shed blood?
Whilst we do celebrate Thy praises
And glorify Thy Holy (name)?”
He said:” I know what ye know not.”
And He taught Adam the nature
Of all things; then he placed them
Before the angels, and said; ”Tell Me
The nature of these if ye are right.”
They said: ”Glory to thee: of knowledge
We, have none, save what Thou
Hast taught us: in truth it is Thou
Who are perfect in knowledge and wisdom.”
He said: “O Adam! tell them
Their natures.” When he had told them,
God said: “Did I not tell you
That I know the secrets of heaven
And earth, and I know what ye reveal
And what ye conceal?”
And behold, we said to the angels:
Bow down to Adam”: and they bowed down
Not so Iblis: he refused and was haughty:
He was of those who reject Faith. (2: 30-34/A)

 

* God said: “What prevented
Thee from bowing down
When I commanded thee?”
He said: “I am better
Than he: Thou didst create
me from fire, and him from clay.”
(God) said: “Get thee down
From this: it is not
For thee to be arrogant
Here: get out, for thou
Art of the meanest (of creatures).”
He said: “Give me respite
Till the day they are
Raised up.”
(God) Said: “Be thou
Among those who have respite.”
He said: “Because thou
Hast thrown me out
of the way, lo! I will
Lie in wait for them
On Thy Straight Way :
Then will I assault them
From before them and behind them
From their right and their left:
Nor wilt Thou find,
In most of them
Gratitude (for Thy mercies).”
(God) said: “Get out
From this, disgraced
And expelled. If any
Of them follows thee,
Hell will I fill
With you all.”
“O Adam! dwell thou
and thy wife in the Garden.,
And enjoy (its good things)
As ye wish: but approach not
This tree, or ye run
Into harm and transgression.” (7: 12-19/A)

 

* Then we said: “O Adam!
Verily, this is an enemy
To thee and thy wife:
So let him not get ye
Both out of the Garden,
So that thou art landed
In misery.
There is there in (enough provision)
For thee not to go hungry
Nor to go naked,
Nor to suffer from thirst,
Nor from the sun’s heat.”
But Satan whispered evil
To him: he said, “O Adam!
Shall I lead thee to
The Tree of Eternity
And to a kingdom
That never decays?” (20: 117-120/A)

 

*He said: “Your Lord

Only forbade you this tree,
Lest ye should become angels
or such beings as live for ever.”
And he swore to them
Both, that he was
Their sincere
Adviser.
So by deceit he brought about
Their fall: when they
Tasted of the tree,
Their shame became manifest
To them, and they began
To sew together the leaves
Of the garden over their bodies.
And their Lord called
Unto them: “Did I not
Forbid you that tree,
And tell you that Satan
Was an avowed
Enemy unto you?”
They said: “Our Lord!
We have wronged our own souls:
If thou forgive us not
And bestow not upon us
Thy mercy, we shall
Certainly be lost.”
(God) said: “Get ye down,
With enmity between yourselves.
On earth will be your dwelling-place
And your means of livelihood,
For a time.”
He said: “There in shall ye
Live, and there in shall ye
Die but from it shall ye
Be taken (at last). “ (7: 20-25/A)

 

* But his Lord chose him
(For his grace): He turned
To him, and gave him guidance.
He said: “Get ye down,
Both of you, all together
From the Garden, with enmity
One to another; but, if,
As is sure, comes to you
Guidance from Me, whosoever
Follows my guidance, will not Lose his way, nor fall
Into misery.
But whosoever turns away
From My message, verily
For him is a life narrowed
Down, and We shall raise
Him up blind on the Day
Of Judgement. “ (20: 122-124/A)

 

* Recite to them the truth
Of the story of the two sons
Of Adam. Behold! they each
Presented a sacrifice to God):
It was accepted from one,
But not from the other.
Said the latter: “Be sure”
I will slay thee.”: “Surely”,
Said the former, “God
Doth accept of the sacrifice
Of those who are righteous.
If thou dost stretch thy hand
Against me to slay me,
It Is not for me to stretch
My hand against thee
To slay thee: for I do fear
God, the cherisher of the worlds.
For me, I intend to let
Thee draw on thyself
My sin as well as thine,
For thou wilt be among
The companions of the Fire,
And that is the reward
Of those who do wrong.”
The (selfish) soul of the other
Led him to the murder
Of his brother: he murdered
Him, and became (himself)
One of the lost ones.
Then God sent a raven,
Who scratched the ground,
To show him how to hide
The shame of his brother.
“Woe to me!”, said he;
“Was I not even able
To be as this raven,
And to hide the shame
Of my brother?” Then he became
Full of regrets... (5: 27-31/A)

 

 

IDRIS

 

* Also mention in the Book
The case of Idris:
He was a man of truth
(And sincerity), (and) a prophet.
And We raised him to a lofty station.
( 19: 57 /A)

 

 

NUH (NOAH)

 

* We sent Noah to his people. He said: “O my people! worship God. Ye have no other god but Him. I fear for you the punishment of a dreadful day! The leaders of his people said: “Ah! we see thee evidently wandering (in mind).” He said: “O my people! No wandering is there in my (mind): on the contrary I am an apostle from the Lord and Cherisher of the worlds! “I but fulfil towards you the duties of my Lord’s mission: Sincere is my advice to you, and I know from God something that ye know not. Do ye wonder that there hath come to you a message from your Lord, through a man of your own people, to warn you,- so that ye may fear God and haply receive His Mercy?” (7: 59-63/A)

 

* Relate to them the story of Noah. Behold! he said to his people: “O my people, if it be hard on your (mind) that I should stay (with you) and commemorate the signs of God,- yet I put my trust in God. Get ye then an agreement about your plan and among your partners, so your plan be on to you dark and dubious. Then pass your sentence on me, and give me no respite. But if ye turn back, (consider): no reward have I asked of you: my reward is only due from God, and I have been commanded to be of those who submit to God’s will (in Islam).” (10: 71-72/A)

 

* But the chiefs of the Unbelievers among his people said: “We see (in) thee nothing but a man like ourselves: Nor do we see that any follow thee but the meanest among us, in judgement immature: Nor do we see in you (all) any merit above us: in fact we think ye are liars!” He said: “O my people! See ye if (it be that) I have a Clear Sign from my Lord, and that He hath sent Mercy unto me from His own presence, but that the Mercy hath been obscured from your sight? Shall we compel you to accept it when ye are averse to it? And O my people! I ask you for no wealth in return: my reward is from none but God. But I will not drive away (in contempt) those who believe: for verily they are to meet their Lord, and ye I see are the ignorant ones! And O my people! who would help me against God if I drove them away? Will ye not then take heed? I tell you not that with me are the treasures of God, nor do I know what is hidden, nor claim I to be an angel. Nor yet do I say, of those whom your eyes do despise that God will not grant them (all) that is good: God knoweth best what is in their souls: I should, if I did, indeed be a wrongdoer.”(11: 27-31/A)

 

* He said: “O my People! I am to you a Warner, clear and open: that ye should worship God, fear Him and obey me: so He may forgive you your sins and give you respite for a stated Term: for when the Term given by God is accomplished, it cannot be put forward: if ye only knew.” (71: 2-4/A)

 

* They said: “Shall we believe in thee when it is the meanest that follow thee?” He said: “And what do I know as to what they do? Their account is only with my Lord, if ye could (but) understand. I am not one to drive away those who believe. I am sent only to warn plainly in public.” They said: “If thou desist not, O Noah! thou shalt be stoned (to death).” (26: 111-116/A)

 

* They said: “O Noah! thou hast disputed with us, and (much) hast thou prolonged the dispute with us: now bring upon us what thou threatenest us with, if thou speakest the truth!?” He said: “Truly, God will bring it on you if He wills,- and then, ye will not be able to frustrate it! Of no profit will be my counsel to you, much as I desire to give you (good) counsel, if it be that God willeth to leave you astray: He is your Lord! and to Him will ye return!” (11: 32-34/A)

 

* We (once) sent Noah to his people, and he tarried among them a thousand years less fifty...(29: 14/A)

 

* He said: “O my Lord! I have called to my People night and day: but my call only increases (their) flight (from the Right). And every time I have called to them, that Thou mightest forgive them, they have (only) thrust their fingers into their ears, covered themselves up with their garments, grown obstinate, and given themselves up to arrogance. So I have called to them aloud; further I have spoken to them in public and secretly in private, saying, ‘Ask forgiveness from your Lord; for He is Oft-Forgiving; He will send rain to you in abundance; give you increase in wealth and sons; and bestow on you gardens and bestow on you rivers (of flowing water). What is the matter with you, that ye place not your hope for kindness and long-suffering in God,- seeing that it is He that has created you in diverse stages? See ye not how God has created the seven heavens one above another, and made the moon a light in their midst, and made the sun as a (Glorious) Lamp? And God has produced you from the earth growing (gradually), and in the end He will return you into the (earth), and raise you forth (again at the Resurrection)? And God has made the earth for you as a carpet (spread out), that ye may go about therein, in spacious roads.’”

 

Noah said: “O my Lord! They have disobeyed me, but they follow (men) whose wealth and children give them no increase but only Loss. And they have devised a tremendous plot. And they have said (to each other), ‘Abandon not your gods: Abandon neither Wadd nor Suwa’, neither Yaguth nor Ya’uq, nor Nasr’;- they have already misled many; and grant Thou no increase to the wrong-doers but in straying (from their mark).” (71: 5-24/A)

 

* It was revealed to Noah: “None of thy people will believe except those who have believed already! So grieve no longer over their (evil) deeds. But construct an Ark under Our eyes and Our inspiration, and address Me no (further) on behalf of those who are in sin: for they are about to be overwhelmed (in the Flood).” Forthwith he (started) constructing the Ark : Every time that the chiefs of his people passed by him, they threw ridicule on him. He said: “If ye ridicule us now, we (in our turn) can look down on you with ridicule likewise! But soon will ye know who it is on whom will descend a penalty that will cover them with shame,- on whom will be unloosed a penalty lasting...” (11: 36-39/A)

 

* At length, behold!
There came our command,
And the fountains of the earth
Gushed forth! We said:
“Embark there in, of each kind
Two, male and female,
And your family except
Those against whom the word
Has already gone forth,
And the Believers.”
But only a few
Believed with him.
So he said :”Embark ye
On the Ark ,
In the name of God,
Whether it move
Or be at rest!
For my Lord is, be sure,
Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful!”
So the Ark floated
With them on the waves
(Towering) like mountains,
And Noah called out
To his son, who had
Separated himself (from the rest):
“O my son! embark
With us, and be not
With the unbelievers!”
The son replied: “I will
Betake myself to some mountain:
It will save me from
The water.” Noah said:
“This day nothing can save,
From the command of God,
Any but those on whom
he hath mercy!”
And the waves came
Between them, and the son
Was among those overwhelmed in the Flood.
Then the word went forth:
“O earth! swallow up
The water, and O sky
Withhold (thy rain)!”
And the water abated,
And the matter was ended.
The Ark rested on the Mount
Judi, and the word
Went forth : “Away
With those who do wrong!”
And Noah called upon
His Lord, and said:
“O my Lord! surely
My son is of my family!
And Thy promise is true,
And thou art
The Justest of Judges!”
He said: “O Noah!
He is not of thy family:
For his conduct is unrighteous.
So ask not of Me
That of which thou
Hast no knowledge!
I give thee counsel, lest
Thou act like the ignorant!”
Noah said; “O my Lord!
I do seek refuge with Thee,
Lest I ask Thee for that
Of which I have no knowledge.
And unless Thou forgive me
And have Mercy on me,
I should indeed be lost!”
The word came: “O Noah!
Come down (from the Ark )
With Peace from us,
And blessing on thee
And on some of the Peoples
(Who will spring) from those
With Thee: but (there will be
Other) Peoples to whom we
Shall grant their pleasures
(for a time), but in the end
Will a grievous Penalty
Reach them from Us.” (11: 40-48/A)

 

 

HUD

 

* To the ‘Ad people, (We sent) Hud, one of their (own) brethren: He said: “O my people! worship God. Ye have no other god but Him; will ye not fear ((God))?” The leaders of the unbelievers among his people said: “Ah! we see thou art an imbecile! And we think thou art a liar!” He said: “O my people! I am no imbecile, but (I am) an apostle from the Lord and Cherisher of the worlds! I but fulfil towards you the duties of my Lord’s mission: I am to you a sincere and trustworthy adviser. Do ye wonder that there hath come to you a message from your Lord through a man of your own people, to warn you? Call in remembrance that He made you inheritors after the people of Noah, and gave you a stature tall among the nations. Call in remembrance the benefits (ye have received) from God that so ye may prosper.” They said: “Comest thou to us, that we may worship God alone, and give up the cult of our fathers? Bring us what thou threatenest us with, if so be that thou tellest the truth!” He said: “Punishment and wrath have already come upon you from your Lord: dispute ye with me over names which ye have devised - ye and your fathers,- without authority from God. Then wait: I am amongst you, also waiting.” (7: 65-71/A)

 

* To the ‘Ad People (We sent) Hud, one of their own brethren. He said: “O my people! worship God. Ye have no other god but Him. (Your other gods) ye do nothing but invent! O my people! I ask of you no reward for this (Message). My reward is from none but Him who created me: Will ye not then understand? And O my people! Ask forgiveness of your Lord, and turn to Him (in repentance): He will send you the skies pouring abundant rain, and add strength to your strength: so turn ye not back in sin!” They said: “O Hud! No Clear (Sign) that hast thou brought us, and we are not the ones to desert our gods on thy word! Nor shall we believe in thee! We say nothing but that (perhaps) some of our gods may have seized thee with imbecility.” He said: “I call God to witness, and do ye bear witness, that I am free from the sin of ascribing, to Him, other gods as partners! So scheme (your worst) against me, all of you, and give me no respite. I put my trust in God, My Lord and your Lord! There is not a moving creature, but He hath grasp of its forelock. Verily, it is my Lord that is on a straight Path. If ye turn away,- I (at least) have conveyed the Message with which I was sent to you. My Lord will make another people to succeed you, and you will not harm Him in the least. For my Lord hath care and watch over all things.” (11: 50-57/A)

 

* (Hud said to his people)…“Do ye build a landmark on every high place to amuse yourselves? And do ye get for yourselves fine buildings in the hope of living therein (for ever)? And when ye exert your strong hand, do ye do it like men of absolute power? Now fear God, and obey me. Yea, fear Him Who has bestowed on you freely all that ye know. Freely has He bestowed on you cattle and sons,- and Gardens and Springs. Truly I fear for you the Penalty of a Great Day.” They said: “It is the same to us whether thou admonish us or be not among (our) admonishers! This is no other than a customary device of the ancients, and we are not the ones to receive Pains and Penalties!” (26: 128-138/A)

 

* Mention (Hud) one of ‘Ad’s (own) brethren Behold, he warned his people about the winding Sand-tracts: but there have been warners before him and after him: “Worship ye none other than God. Truly I fear for you the Penalty of a Mighty Day.” They said: “Hast thou come in order to turn us aside from our gods? Then bring upon us the (calamity) with which thou dost threaten us, if thou art telling the truth?” He said: “The Knowledge (of when it will come) is only with God. I proclaim to you the mission on which I have been sent: But I see that ye are a people in ignorance!”. Then, when they saw the (Penalty in the shape of) a cloud traversing the sky, coming to meet their valleys, they said, “This cloud will give us rain!” “Nay, it is the (Calamity) ye were asking to be hastened!- A wind wherein is a Grievous Penalty! “Everything will it destroy by the command of its Lord!” Then by the morning they - nothing was to be seen but (the ruins of) their houses! thus do We recompense those given to sin! (46: 21-25/A)

 

 

SALIH

 

* To the Thamud People (We sent) Salih, one of their own brethren. He said: “O my people! Worship God; ye have no other god but Him. It is He Who hath produced you from the earth and settled you therein: then ask forgiveness of Him, and turn to Him (in repentance): for my Lord is (always) near, ready to answer.” They said: “O Salih! thou hast been of us! a centre of our hopes hitherto! dost thou (now) forbid us the worship of what our fathers worshipped? But we are really in suspicious (disquieting) doubt as to that to which thou invitest us.” He said: “O my people! do ye see? if I have a Clear (Sign) from my Lord and He hath sent Mercy unto me from Himself,- who then can help me against God if I were to disobey Him? What then would ye add to my (portion) but perdition?” (11: 61-63/A)

 

* He said: “O my people! worship God. Ye have no other god but Him. Now hath come unto you a clear (Sign) from your Lord! This she-camel of God is a Sign unto you: So leave her to graze in God’s earth, and let her come to no harm, or ye shall be seized with a grievous punishment. And remember how He made you inheritors after the ‘Ad people and gave you habitations in the land: ye build for yourselves palaces and castles in (open) plains, and care out homes in the mountains; so bring to remembrance the benefits (ye have received) from God, and refrain from evil and mischief on the earth.” The leaders of the arrogant party among his people said to those who were reckoned powerless - those among them who believed: “know ye indeed that Salih is an apostle from his Lord?” They said: “We do indeed believe in the revelation which hath been sent through him.” The Arrogant party said: “For our part, we reject what ye believe in.” (7: 73-76/A)

 

* Yet they slew her (the she camel). He said: you have but three days to live in your dwellings. This promise can not be dispro­ved. (11: 65/Z)

 

* We sent (aforetime), to the Thamud, their brother Salih, saying, “Serve God.: But behold, they became two factions quarrelling with each other. He said: “O my people! why ask ye to hasten on the evil in preference to the good? If only ye ask God for forgiveness, ye may hope to receive mercy. They said: “Ill omen do we augur from thee and those that are with thee”. He said: “Your ill omen is with God; yea, ye are a people under trial.” There were in the city nine men of a family, who made mischief in the land, and would not reform. They said: “Swear a mutual oath by God that we shall make a secret night attack on him and his people, and that we shall then say to his heir (when he seeks vengeance): ‘We were not present at the slaughter of his people, and we are positively telling the truth.” They plotted and planned, but We too planned, even while they perceived it not. Then see what was the end of their plot!- this, that We destroyed them and their people, all (of them). Now such were their houses, - in utter ruin, - because they practised wrong-doing. Verily in this is a Sign for people of knowledge. And We saved those who believed and practised righteousness. (27: 45-53/A)

 

* When our Decree issued,
We saved Salih and those
Who believed with him,
By (special) Grace from Ourselves
And from the Ignominy
Of that Day. For thy Lord-
He is the strong One, and Able
To enforce His will.
The (mighty) Blast overtook
The wrong-doers, and they
Lay prostrate
In their homes before the morning,
As if they had never
Dwelt and flourished there.
Ah! Behold! For the Thamud
Rejected their Lord and Cherisher!
Ah! Behold ! Removed
(From sight) were the Thamuds! (11: 66-68/A)

 


 


 

 
 
 

 


 
 

 


 

SERIES: A Systematic Study of the Holy Qur'an

 

CONTENTS

  

PART I: FAITH                                                 

 

 

 

PART II: PHILOSOPHY

 

 

PART III: CONSTITUTION

 

 

PART IV: THE SYSTEM

 

 

PART V: THE HISTORY OF CONFRONTATION

 

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Last Word: The Final Document of Peace

 


 

 

 

 

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