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THE HEREAFTER, THE ANGELS

Reference : Dr. Javed Jamil

A Systematic Study of the Holy Qur’an-5

The Hereafter and the Angels in Qur'an

 

The
Hereafter
and the
Angels

 


The Hereafter

 

When we throw a thoughtful glance at the conditions prevailing in the present world, we find exploitation, persecution, oppression and, consequent upon them, suffering everywhere. The stronger is depriving the weaker of the same amenities of life which he thinks essential for himself. Innocents are being killed everyday in big numbers. This pervading injustice is obviously of man’s own making; for had mankind treaded the path of God, none could have impinged the rights of others. So if it is assumed that this is the only world and there is no other world to follow this world, it will lead to the stark conclusion that God is unjust (God forbid!); for there is no discernible relief to the victims – a murdered person cannot get any relief, as he cannot regain life --- or to those who make huge sacrifices for the cause of humanity; and there is also no punishment for the perpetrators of these suffering. If God is unjust, he is just no God. The Absolute One has to be the most just of all judges. God will prove His justice by undoing this injustice in a way that will satisfy all: the right and the wrong. To achieve this ultimate aim, He made provision for another life after this life. He has given man a certain period of time to prove himself and to labour in accordance with the commands of God; if he acts according to his own whims, he is liable to punishment. The greatest punishment will of course be for the rejecters of the Greatest Realityof the Universe and His messengers; the absolute rejecters will abide forever in the hell. The greatest reward will be for those who haverecognised this Greatest Reality and striven hard to do good deeds to earn His Pleasure; Paradise will be their eternal abode.
 

 

A question is often put forward: why will those born in non-Muslim families who have not had an opportunity to understand and follow Islam be punished with Eternal Fire? Does it not tantamount to injustice, they ask. To understand, we have to find analogies, for we have no other way to understand things accept by drawing parallels to the phenomena that are occurring before our eyes. It is the duty of each and every individual to know the law of the land; one who transgresses these laws cannot simply be condoned on account of one’s ignorance. In the same way, it is the duty of every mentally sound individual to recognise one’s creator and follow His bounds. If one fails in one’s duty, one cannot avoid punishment. Now, because, the Eternal punishment is for the “rejecters” (absolute) of Faith, it is left entirely for the judgement of God to decide whether or not a person truly rejected the faith, despite sufficient opportunities; and his judgement will surely be such as will satisfy everyone, even the one condemned to Hell. Those who die immature and those who are mentally retarded will of course be exempt from the Grievous Punishment. Even Kufr (Rejection) can be relative, and Allah’s punishment will depend upon the degree of Kufr of each individual. One should not conclude from this that believers will not be punished at all; for the criteria of true faith is not just the declaration by one’s tongue of the faith but its manifestation in real life.
           

 

What will happen to those who have not joined Islam but have dedicated all their life to the welfare of fellow human beings, is a matter of conjecture. God cannot be unjust to them. The Qur’an categorically declares that anyone who performs even an iota of good will receive its return, and anyone who commits even an iota of wrong, will likewise receive its return. When judging, God will of course take every action of the individual into account. The judgement in their case will depend both on their Disbelief and their good deeds.
 

 

It can be noted that out of all the religious scriptures, Qur’an alone describes in great details the happenings related to Hereafter – the events leading to Doomsday, the Doomsday itself and the Life after Resurrection. The Book gives vivid accounts of both Paradise and Hell. Paradise will be a place where there will be permanent happiness and no worries or pains of any kind. Unlike in this world, the pleasures in Hereafter will be without any ill effects. The Hell on the other hand will have only pain and deprivation. Death will not be there – neither for the inhabitants of Paradise nor of the Hell. More and more people will keep on entering Paradise after undergoing their punishments in Hell; and only those will abide in the Hell forever whose rejection in the judgment of God was absolute beyond any Pardon. The last word will of course be God’s.
 
 

 

The Hereafter in Qur'an
  

Death and Hereafter approaching fast. One day We shall call together all human beings with their (respective) Imams. (17: 71/A)
 

 

They say: “What! when we are reduced to bones and dust, should we really be raised up (to be) a new creation?” Say: “(Nay!) be ye stones or iron, or created matter which, in your minds, is hardest (to be raised up),- (Yet shall ye be raised up)!” Then will they say: “Who will cause us to return?” Say: “He who created you first!” Then will they wag their heads towards thee, and say, “When will that be?” Say, “May be it will be quite soon! It will be on a Day when He will call you, and ye will answer (His call) with (words of) His praise, and ye will think that ye tarried but a little while!” (17: 49-52/A)
 

 

Closer and closer to mankind comes their Reckoning: yet they heed not and they turn away.  (21: 1/A)
 

 

The Unbelievers say (in ridicule): “Shall we point out to you a man that will tell you, when ye are all scattered to pieces in disintegration, that ye shall (then be raised) in a New Creation? Has he invented a falsehood against God, or has a spirit (seized) him?”- Nay, it is those who believe not in the Hereafter, that are in (real) Penalty, and in farthest error. (34: 7-8/A)
 

 

 

Resurrection easy for God
 

 

Does man think that We cannot assemble his bones? Nay, We are able to put together in perfect order the very tips of his fingers. (75: 3-4/A)
 

 

And your creation or your resurrection is in nowise but as an individual soul: for God is He Who hears and sees (all things). (31: 28/A)
 

 

O mankind! do your duty to your Lord, and fear (the coming of) a Day when no father can avail aught for his son, nor a son avail aught for his father. Verily, the promise of God is true: let not then this present life deceive you, nor let the chief Deceiver deceive you about God. (31: 33/A)
 

 

Again and again will those who disbelieve, wish that they had bowed (to God’s will) in Islam. Leave them alone, to enjoy (the good things of this life) and to please themselves: let (false) hope amuse them: soon will knowledge (undeceive them). (15: 2-3/A)
 

 

And when the Word is fulfilled against them (the unjust), we shall produce from the earth a beast to (face) them: He will speak to them, for that mankind did not believe with assurance in Our Signs. One day We shall gather together from every people a troop of those who reject our Signs, and they shall be kept in ranks,- until, when they come (before the Judgment-seat), ((God)) will say: “Did ye reject My Signs, though ye comprehended them not in knowledge, or what was it ye did?” (27: 82-84/A)
 

 

All endeavours to be considered
 

 

Whoever works any act of righteousness and has faith,- his endeavour will not be rejected: We shall record it in his favour. But there is a ban on any population which We have destroyed: that they shall not return, until the Gog and Magog (people) are let through (their barrier), and they swiftly swarm from every hill. Then will the true promise draw nigh (of fulfilment): then behold! the eyes of the Unbelievers will fixedly stare in horror: “Ah! Woe to us! we were indeed heedless of this; nay, we truly did wrong!” (21: 94-97/A)
 

 

Events before and on Terrible Day
 

 

O mankind! fear your Lord! For the convulsion of the Hour will be a thing terrible! The Day ye shall see it, every mother giving suck shall forget her suckling- babe, and every pregnant female shall drop her load (unformed): thou shalt see mankind as in a drunken riot, yet not drunk: but dreadful will be the Wrath of God. (22: 1-2/A)
 

 

Then how shall ye, if ye deny ((God)), guard     yourselves against a Day that will make children hoary-headed?- Where on the sky will be cleft asunder? His Promise needs must be accomplished. (73: 17-18/A)
 
 
He questions: “When is the Day of Resurrection?” At length, when the sight is dazed, and the moon is buried in darkness;  and the sun and moon are joined together...(75: 6-9/A)
 

 

When the sun (with its spacious light) is folded up; when the stars fall, losing their lustre; when the mountains vanish (like a mirage); when the she-camels, ten months with young, are left untended; when the wild beasts are herded together (in the human habitations); when the oceans boil over with a swell; when the souls are sorted out, (being joined, like with like); when the female (infant), buried alive, is questioned - for what crime she was killed; when the scrolls are laid open; when the world on High is unveiled; when the Blazing Fire is kindled to fierce heat; and when the Garden is brought near;- (then) shall each soul know what it has put forward. (81: 1-14)
 

 

The Day that We roll up the heavens like a scroll rolled up for books (completed),- even as We produced the first creation, so shall We produce a new one: a promise We have undertaken: truly shall We fulfil it. (21: 104/A)
 

 

Then when the stars become dim; when the heaven is cleft asunder; when the mountains are scattered (to the winds) as dust; and when the apostles are   (all) appointed a time (to collect);- for what Day are these (portents) deferred? For the Day of Sorting out   (77: 8-13/A)
 

 

When the sky is rent asunder, and it becomes red like ointment... (55: 37/A)
 

 

They see the (Day) indeed as a far-off (event): but We see it (quite) near. The Day the sky will be like molten brass, and the mountains will be like wool, and no friend will ask after a friend, though they will be put in sight of each other,- the sinner’s desire will be: Would that he could redeem himself from the Penalty of that Day by (sacrificing) his children, his wife and his brother, his kindred who sheltered him, and all, all that is on earth,- so it could deliver him... (70: 6-14/A)
 

 

When the sky is rent asunder, and hearkens to (the Command of) its Lord, and it must need (do so);- and when the earth is flattened out, and casts forth what is within it and becomes (clean) empty, and hearkens to (the Command of) its Lord,- and it must need (do so);- (then will come Home the full reality). O thou man! Verily thou art ever toiling on towards thy Lord- painfully toiling,- but thou shalt meet Him. (84: 1-6/A)
 

 

By a Decree inscribed in a Scroll unfolded; by the much-frequented Fane; by the Canopy Raised High; and by the Ocean filled with Swell;- Verily, the Doom of thy Lord will indeed come to pass. There is none can avert it; on the Day when the firmament will be in dreadful commotion; and the mountains will fly hither and thither. (52: 1-11/A)
 

 

When the Sky is cleft asunder; when the Stars are scattered; when the Oceans are suffered to burst forth; and when the Graves are turned upside down;- (then) shall each soul know what it hath sent forward and (what it hath) kept back. (82: 1-5/A)
 

 

And the Day that the Trumpet will be sounded - then will be smitten with terror those who are in the heavens, and those who are on earth, except such as God will please (to exempt): and all shall come to His (Presence) as beings conscious of their lowliness.  Thou seest the mountains and thinkest them firmly fixed: but they shall pass away as the clouds pass away: (such is) the artistry of God, who disposes of all things in perfect order: for he is well-acquainted with all that ye do. (27: 87-88/A)
 

 

When the earth shall be shaken to its depths, and the mountains shall be crumbled to atoms,  becoming dust scattered abroad, and ye shall be sorted out into three classes.  Then (there will be) the Companions of the Right Hand;- What will be the Companions of the Right Hand? And the Companions of the Left Hand,- what will be the Companions of the Left Hand? And those Foremost (in Faith) will be Foremost (in the Hereafter). (56: 4-10/A)
 

 

On the Day of Judgement the whole of the earth will be but His handful, and the heavens will be rolled up in His right hand: Glory to Him! High is He above the Partners they attribute to Him!  The Trumpet will (just) be sounded, when all that are in the heavens and on earth will swoon, except such as it will please God (to exempt). Then will a second one be sounded, when, behold, they will be standing and looking on! And the Earth will shine with the Glory of its Lord: the Record (of Deeds) will be placed (open); the prophets and the witnesses will be brought forward and a just    decision pronounced between them; and they will not be wronged (in the least). And to every soul will be paid in full (the fruit) of its Deeds; and (God) knoweth best all that they do. (39: 67-70/A)
 

 

The Day that the Spirit and the angels will stand forth in ranks, none shall speak except any who is permitted by (God) Most Gracious, and He will say what is right. (78: 38/A)
 

 

One day the earth will be changed to a different earth, and so will be the heavens, and (men) will be marshalled forth, before God, the One, the Irresistible; and thou wilt see the sinners that day bound     together in fetters;- their garments of liquid pitch, and their faces covered with Fire..(14: 48-50/A)
 

 

On that Day will they follow the Caller (straight): no crookedness (can they show) him: all sounds shall  humble themselves in the Presence of ((God)) Most Gracious: nothing shalt thou hear but the tramp of their feet (as they march). On that Day shall no intercession avail except for those for whom permission has been granted by ((God)) Most Gracious and whose word is acceptable to Him. (20: 108-109/A)
 

 

Hell
 

 

For those who reject their Lord (and Cherisher) is the Penalty of Hell: and evil is (such) Destination. When they are cast therein, they will hear the (terrible)     drawing in of its breath even as it blazes forth, almost bursting with fury: Every time a Group is cast therein, its Keepers will ask, “Did no Warner come to you?”  They will say: “Yes indeed; a Warner did come to us, but we rejected him and said, ‘(God) never sent down any (Message): ye are nothing but an egregious     delusion!’”  They will further say: “Had we but         listened or used our intelligence, we should not (now) be among the Companions of the Blazing Fire!” They will then confess their sins: but far will be (Forgiveness) from the Companions of the Blazing   Fire!  (67: 6-11/A)
 

 

Those who reject our Signs, We shall soon cast into the Fire: as often as their skins are roasted through, We shall change them for fresh skins, that they may taste the penalty: for God is Exalted in Power, Wise. ( 4: 56 /A)
 

 

In front of such a one is Hell, and he is given, for drink, boiling fetid water.  In gulps will he sip it, but never will he be near swallowing it down his throat: death will come to him from every quarter, yet will he not die: and in front of him will be a chastisement unrelenting. (14: 16-17/A)
 

 

The Companions of the Fire will call to the Companions of the Garden: “Pour down to us water or anything that God doth provide for your sustenance.” They will say: “Both these things hath God forbidden to those who rejected Him: such as took their religion to be mere amusement and play, and were deceived by the life of the world.” That day shall We forget them as they forgot the meeting of this day of theirs, and as they were wont to reject Our signs.         (7: 50-51/A)
 

 

Is that the better entertainment or the Tree of Zaqqum? For We have truly made it (as) a trial for the wrongdoers. For it is a tree that springs out of the bottom of Hell-Fire: The shoots of its fruit-stalks are like the heads of devils: Truly they will eat thereof and fill their bellies therewith. Then on top of that they will be given a mixture made of boiling water. Then shall their return be to the (Blazing) Fire. Truly they found their fathers on the wrong Path; So they (too) were rushed down on their footsteps! And truly before them, many of the ancients went astray;- But We sent aforetime, among them, (apostles) to admonish them;- Then see what was the end of those who were admonished (but heeded not),- except the sincere (and devoted) Servants of God. (37: 62-74/A)
 

 

 But those who reject Our signs and treat them with arrogance,- they are companions of the Fire, to dwell therein (for ever). Who is more unjust than one who invents a lie against God or rejects His Signs? For such, their portion appointed must reach them from the Book (of decrees): until, when our messengers (of death) arrive and take their souls, they say: “Where are the things that ye used to invoke besides God.” They will reply, “They have left us in the lurch,” And they will bear witness against themselves, that they had rejected God. He will say: “Enter ye in the company of the peoples who passed away before you - men and jinns, - into the Fire.” Every time a new people enters, it curses its sister-people (that went before), until they follow each other, all into the Fire. Saith the last about the first: “Our Lord! it is these that misled us: so give them a double penalty in the Fire.” He will say: “Doubled for all” : but this ye do not understand. Then the first will say to the last: “See then! No     advantage have ye over us; so taste ye of the penalty for all that ye did !” To those who reject Our signs and treat them with arrogance, no opening will there be of the gates of heaven, nor will they enter the garden, until the camel can pass through the eye of the needle: Such is Our reward for those in sin. For them there is Hell, as a couch (below) and folds and folds of covering above: such is Our requital of those who do wrong. (7: 36-41/A)
 

 

Nay they deny the hour (of the judgement to come): but We have prepared a blazing fire for such as deny the hour. When it sees them from a place far off, they will hear its fury and its ranging sigh. And when they are cast, bound together into a constricted place therein, they will plead for destruction there and then! “This day plead not for a single destruction: plead for     destruction oft- repeated!” (25: 11-14/A)
 

 

These two antagonists dispute with each other about their Lord: But those who deny (their Lord),- for them will be cut out a garment of Fire: over their heads will be poured out boiling water. With it will be scalded what is within their bodies, as well as (their) skins. In addition there will be maces of iron (to punish) them. Every time they wish to get away there from, from  anguish, they will be forced back therein, and (it will be said), “Taste ye the Penalty of Burning!”           (22: 19-22/A)
 

 

And thou wilt see the sinners that day bound together in fetters; their garments of liquid pitch, and their faces covered with Fire. (14: 49-50/A)
 

 

...And the Word of thy Lord shall be fulfilled: “I will fill Hell with jinns and men all together.” (11: 119/A)
 

 

And verily, Hell is the promised abode for them all! To it are seven gates: for each of those gates is a (special) class (of sinners) assigned. (15: 43-44/A)
 

 

Woe to every (kind of) scandalmonger and-backbiter, who pileth up wealth and layeth it by, thinking that his wealth would make him last for ever! By no means! He will be sure to be thrown into that which breaks to pieces, and what will explain to thee That which breaks to pieces? (It is) the Fire of (the Wrath of) God kindled (to a blaze),  the which doth mount (Right) to the Hearts. It shall be made into a vault over them, in columns outstretched. (104: 1-7/A)
 

 

If any do deeds of righteousness,- be they male or female-and have faith, they will enter Heaven, and not the least injustice will be done to them. (4: 124/A)
 

 

Salvation and Paradise
 

 

Those who believe, and suffer exile and strive with might and main, in God’s cause, with their goods and their persons, have the highest rank in the sight of   God. They are the people who will achieve (salvation). Their Lord doth give them glad tidings of a mercy from Himself, of His good pleasure, and of gardens for them, wherein are delights that endure. They will dwell therein for ever. Verily in God’s presence is a reward, the greatest (of all). (9: 20-22/A)
 

 

Who is he that will loan to God a beautiful loan? For ((God)) will increase it manifold to his credit, and he will have (besides) a liberal Reward. (2: 245/A)
 

 

Fair in the eyes of men is the love of things they covet: women and sons; heaped-up hoards of gold and silver; horses branded (for blood and excellence); and (wealth of) cattle and well-tilled land. Such are the possessions of this world’s life; but in nearness to God is the best of the goals (to return to). Say: Shall I give you glad tidings of things far better than those? For the righteous are Gardens in nearness to their Lord, with rivers flowing beneath; therein is their eternal home; with companions pure (and holy); and the good     pleasure of God. (3: 14-15/A)
 

 

And those who feared their Lord will be led to the Garden in crowds: until behold, they arrive there; its gates will be opened; and its keepers will say: “Peace be upon you! well have ye done! enter ye here, to dwell therein.”  They will say: “Praise be to God, Who has truly fulfilled His promise to us, and has given us (this) land in heritage: we can dwell in the Garden as we will: how excellent a reward for those who work (righteousness)!” (39: 73-74/A)
 

 

God hath promised to Believers, men and women, gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therein, and beautiful mansions in gardens of everlasting bliss. But the greatest bliss is the good pleasure of  God. That is the supreme felicity. (9: 72/A)
 

 

But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, We shall soon admit to Gardens, with rivers   flowing beneath,- their eternal home: We shall soon admit to Gardens, with rivers flowing beneath,- their eternal home. ( 4: 57 /A)
 

 

And the Garden will be brought nigh to the righteous,- no more a thing distant. (A voice will say:) “This is what was promised for you,- for every one who turned (to God) in sincere repentance, who kept (His Law), who feared (God) Most Gracious Unseen, and brought a heart turned in devotion (to Him). Enter ye therein in Peace and Security; this is a Day of Eternal Life!” (50: 31-34/A)
 

 

Enter ye the Garden, ye and your wives, in (beauty and) rejoicing. To them will be passed round dishes and goblets of gold: there will be there all that the souls could desire, all that their ayes could delight in: and ye shall abide therein (for ever). (43: 70-71/A)
 

 

* (To the righteous soul will be said:) “O (thou) soul, in (complete) rest and satisfaction! Come back thou to thy Lord,- well pleased (thyself), and well-pleasing unto Him! Enter thou, then, among My devotees! Yea, enter thou My Heaven! (89: 27-30/A)

 

And We shall remove from their hearts any lurking sense of injury. ( 7: 43 /A)

 

 

 ..they will dwell therein for ever; God well pleased with them, and they with Him: all this for such as fear their Lord and Cherisher. (98: 8/A)
 

 

One Day shalt thou see the believing men and the believing women- how their Light runs forward      before them and by their right hands: (their greeting will be): “Good News for you this Day! Gardens   beneath which flow rivers to dwell therein for aye! This is indeed the highest achievement!” One Day will the Hypocrites- men and women - say to the Believers: “Wait for us! Let us borrow (a Light) from your Light!” It will be said: “Turn ye back to your rear! Then seek a Light (where ye can)!” So a wall will be put up   betwixt them, with a gate therein. Within it will be Mercy throughout, and without it, all alongside, will be (Wrath and) Punishment! (57: 12-13/A)
 

 

As to the Righteous, they will be in the midst of  Gardens and Rivers, in an Assembly of Truth, in the Presence of a Sovereign Omnipotent. (54: 54-55/A)
 

 

..they will be adorned therein with bracelets of gold, and they will wear green garments of fine silk and heavy brocade: They will recline therein on raised thrones. How good the recompense! How beautiful a couch to recline on. ( 18: 31 /A)
 

 

But for such as fear the time when they will stand before (the Judgement Seat of) their Lord, there will be two Gardens-  then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?- containing all kinds (of trees and      delights);- then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny? In them (each) will be two Springs flowing (free); then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?  In them will be Fruits of every kind, two and two. Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny? They will recline on Carpets, whose inner      linings will be of rich brocade: the Fruit of the Gardens will be near (and easy of reach). Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny? In them will be (Maidens), chaste, restraining their glances, whom no man or jinn before them has touched;- then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?- like unto   Rubies and coral. Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny? Is there any Reward for Good - other than Good? Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny? And besides these two, there are two other Gardens,- then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?- dark-green in colour (from      plentiful watering). Then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?  In them (each) will be two Springs pouring forth water in continuous abundance: then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?  In them will be Fruits, and dates and pomegranates: then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny? In them will be fair (Companions), good, beautiful;- then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?-   companions restrained (as to their glances), in (goodly) pavilions;- then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?- whom no man or jinn before them has touched;- then which of the favours of your Lord will ye deny?- reclining on green Cushions and rich     Carpets of beauty. (55: 46-76/A)
 

 

The Companions of the Right Hand,- what will be the Companions of the Right Hand? (They will be) among Lote-trees without thorns, among Talh trees with flowers (or fruits) piled one above another,- in shade long-extended, by water flowing constantly, and fruit in abundance; whose season is not limited, nor (supply) forbidden, and on Thrones (of Dignity), raised high. We have created (their Companions) of special creation; and made them virgin - pure (and  undefiled), -  beloved (by nature), equal in age,- for the Companions of the Right Hand. A (goodly) number from those of old, and a (goodly) number from those of later times. (56: 27-40/A)
 

 

Their thirst will be slaked with Pure Wine sealed. The seal thereof will be Musk. And for this let those aspire, who have aspirations. With it will be (given) a mixture of Tasnim: a spring, from (the waters) whereof drink those Nearest to God. (83: 25-28/A)
 

 

And We shall bestow on them, of fruit and meat, anything they shall desire. They shall there exchange, one with another, a (loving) cup free of frivolity, free of all taint of ill.  Round about them will serve, (devoted) to them Youths (handsome) as Pearls well-guarded. They will advance to each other, engaging in mutual enquiry. They will say: “Aforetime, we were not without fear for the sake of our people. But God has been good to us, and has delivered us from the Penalty of the Scorching Wind. Truly, we did call unto Him from of old: truly it is He, the Beneficent, the Merciful!”      (52: 22-28/A)
 

 

* (Here is) a Parable of the Garden which the righteous are promised: in it are rivers of water incorruptible; rivers of milk of which the taste never changes; rivers of wine, a joy to those who drink; and rivers of honey pure and clear. In it there are for them all kinds of fruits; and Grace from their Lord. (Can those in such Bliss) be compared to such as shall dwell for ever in the Fire, and be given, to drink, boiling water, so that it cuts up their bowels (to pieces)?
 (47: 15/A)
 

 

As to the Righteous, they shall drink of a Cup (of Wine) mixed with Kafur,- a Fountain where the Devotees of God do drink, making it flow in unstinted abundance. They perform (their) vows, and they fear a Day whose evil flies far and wide; and they feed, for the love of God, the indigent, the orphan, and the   captive,- (saying), “We feed you for the sake of God alone: no reward do we desire from you, nor thanks. We only fear a Day of distressful Wrath from the side of our Lord.” But God will deliver them from the evil of that Day, and will shed over them a Light of Beauty and (blissful) Joy. And because they were patient and constant, He will reward them with a Garden and (garments of) silk. Reclining in the (Garden) on raised thrones, they will see there neither the sun’s (excessive heat) nor (the moon’s) excessive cold. And the shades of the (Garden) will come low over them, and the bunches (of fruit), there, will hang low in humility. And amongst them will be passed round   vessels of silver and goblets of crystal,- crystal-clear, made of silver: they will determine the measure thereof (according to their wishes).  And they will be given to drink there of a Cup (of Wine) mixed with Zanjabil,- a fountain there, called Salsabil. And round about them will (serve) youths of perpetual (freshness): if thou seest them, thou wouldst think them scattered Pearls. And when thou lookest, it is there thou wilt see a Bliss and a Realm Magnificent.  Upon them will be green     Garments of fine silk and heavy brocade, and they will be adorned with Bracelets of silver; and their Lord will give to them to drink of a Wine Pure and Holy. (76: 5-21/A)
 

 

* …and We shall join them to Companions with     beautiful, big, and lustrous eyes. There can they call for every kind of fruit in peace and security; nor will they there taste Death, except the first death; and He will preserve them from the Penalty of the Blazing Fire,- as a Bounty from thy Lord! That will be the supreme achievement! (44: 54-57/A)
Verily the Companions of the Garden shall that Day have joy in all that they do. They and their associates will be in groves of (cool) shade, reclining on Thrones (of dignity); (every) fruit (enjoyment) will be there for them; they shall have whatever they call for;  “Peace!” - a word (of salutation) from a Lord Most Merciful! (36: 55-58/A)
 


The Angels

 
Though God is absolutely self-sufficient and does not need assistance from any of His creations, it is in fitness of things for His majesty and Glory to own servants that are truly obedient to Him and carry out His commands with utmost efficiency and swiftness. These special servants, who possess no desire or will of their own, are called Angels. These mysterious   creatures, common to almost all religions of the world, are beyond the capacity of human intellect to fully comprehend. They are said to have been created from the “light” indicating that they are special creatures, perhaps in the form of waves; these waves ought to be outside the spectrum visible to human eyes or   audible to human ears. They are innumerable in number, appointed for hosts of functions; out of them four have special status—Jibril (Gabriel), Michael, Israfil and Izrael. Jibril has been the privileged carrier of God’s messages to the Prophets; Michael is said to have been appointed on the control of winds; Israfil will blow the Trumpet on the Doomsday and on the Resurrection Day; and Izrael is the angel of death.
 

 

Angels in Islam have resemblance to devtas of Hindu mythology; but unlike devtas, angels are regarded true servants of God, their power being only by the will of God. It is not they but God who alone deserves glory and worship.


 

In the name of God, the Kind, the Merciful
 

 

ANGELS IN THE QUR’AN

 

Praise be to God, Who created (out of nothing)  the heavens and the earth, who made the angels, messengers with wings,- two, or three, or four (pairs). (35: 1/A)
 

 

* (The angels say:) “We descend not but by   command of thy Lord. (19: 64/A)

 

He doth send down His angels with inspiration of His Command, to such of His servants as He pleaseth, (saying): “Warn (Man) that there is no god but I: so do your duty unto Me.” (16 :2/A)
 

. .Say: Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel- for he brings down the (revelation) to thy heart by God’s will, a confirmation of what went before, and guidance and glad tidings for those who believe...(2: 97/A)

 

Whoever is an enemy to God and His angels and apostles, to Gabriel and Michael,- Lo! God is an  enemy to those who reject Faith. (2: 98/A)
 

But verily over you (are appointed angels) to protect you,-kind and honourable,- writing down (your deeds): they know (and understand) all that ye do. (82: 10-12/A)
 

Behold, two (guardian angels) appointed to learn (his doings) learn (and note them), one sitting on the right and one on the left. Not a word does he utter   but there is a sentinel by him, ready (to note it).  (50: 17-18/A)
 

We send not the angels down except for just cause: if they came (to the ungodly), behold! no respite would they have!  (15: 8/A)
 

The angels and the spirit ascend unto him in a Day the measure whereof is (as) fifty thousand years. (70: 4/A)
 

By the (angels) who tear out (the souls of the wicked) with violence; by those who gently draw out (the souls of the blessed); and by those who glide along (on   errands of mercy), then press forward as in a race, then arrange to do (the Commands of their Lord).... (79: 1-5/A)
 

The heavens are almost rent asunder from above them (by His Glory): and the angels celebrate the Praises of their Lord, and pray for forgiveness for (all) beings on earth. (42: 5/A)
 

The Day the heaven shall be rent asunder with clouds, and angels shall be sent down, descending (in ranks),…(25: 25/A)

 


Watch video on angels

 

 


 

SERIES: A Systematic Study of the Holy Qur'an

 

CONTENTS

  

PART I: FAITH                                                 

 

The Supreme Being
The Messengers of God
The Book of God
The Hereafter
The Angels

 

PART II: PHILOSOPHY

 

Faith (Iman) and Submission (Islam)
Monotheism versus Polytheism
Life of the World and Hereafter
The Qur’an on Christianity and Judaism
The Qur’an on Priesthood and Monasticism
Man: Aims and Nature

 

PART III: CONSTITUTION

 

Objectives
Name
Symbol
Fundamental Duties-I
Fundamental Duties-II
Fundamental Duties-III
Fundamental Duties-IV
Fundamental Prohibitions
Fundamental Rights
Laws related to Civil Matters
Guidelines concerning Criminal Laws

 

PART IV: THE SYSTEM

 

Social System of Islam
Rights of women in Islam
Political System of Islam
Economic System of Islam
Spiritual and Moral System: convictions, Ethics and prayers

 

PART V: THE HISTORY OF CONFRONTATION

 

Between the righ and the wrong

ADAM, IDRIS, NUH (NOAH); HUD; SALIHIBRAHIM (ABRAHAM); LUT (LOT); ISMAIL, ISHAQUE (ISAAC) AND YAQUB (JACOB); YUSUF (JOSEPH)MUSA    (MOSES); SHU’AIB; ELIAS (ELIJAH); AYUB (JOB); DAUD (DAVID); SULAYMAN (SOLOMON); PEOPLE OF SHEEBA;ZUL-QARNAINZAKARIYAH, MARIAM (MARY), YAHYA (JOHN), AND ISA MASIH (JESUS CHRIST)COMPANIONS OF THE CAVE; PROPHET MUHAMMAD

 

Last Word: The Final Document of Peace

 


 

 

 

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Stories of the Companions of the Prophet

Hazrat Umar-e-Farooq (RA)


Abbad Ibn Bishr (RA)


AYSHAH BINT ABU BAKR


Bilal Ibn Rabah (RA)


Abu Dharr Al-Gifari (RA) 


Abdullah ibn Abbas (RA)

 


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